Top five ancient historical monuments in Egypt

The Great Pyramid of Giza

©girolame/ Flickr

Visiting Egypt is not an every day activity so once you have decided to travel to the land of pharaohs you should be aware that there are some places that are listed as must see attractions. So plan your holiday in advance in order to see as many historical monuments as possible and do not come back with the feeling that you missed something exciting.
The following are the top 5 ancient historical monuments that you should definitely  see while you are in the country. All of these belong to the once sacred places of Egypt and you can still feel how moving it is to walk amongst them even after long centuries of change.

The great pyramid of Giza

The Great pyramid of Giza was built by the Pharaoh Khufu to house his remains when he dies and it is situated on the outskirts of Cairo. When it was finished the Great Pyramid peaked at 146 m height and it was know to be the tallest man-made building for centuries, it is still a mystery how such a monumental structure was built. Over the years the Pyramid has lost some (10 m) from its top. It is the oldest monument of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and It is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids.Although the other two pyramids at Giza ,Khafre and Menkaure are not included into the seven wonders of the world they also completely worth to visiting.

Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel temple

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This magnificent Ancient Egyptian temple, Abu Simbel was cut out of the rock during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II to commemorate his victory at the Battle of Kadesh. The complex consists of two temples, the largel one is dedicated to the three state deities of Egypt and Ramesses, each sitting on a huge stone throne. The much smaller figures around their feet represent their families. Despite their massive size the temples had been swallowed by the desert sands and  they were  dug out not long ago and nowadays are known as  UNESCO Heritage site.


Luxor Temple

Luxor Temple at dusk

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Luxor Temple is a great temple complex in the city of Luxor. Built close to the Nile and situated parallel with the riverbank it is a must see Ancient Egyptian attraction. Ancient Egyptian people built temples for their gods and goddesses. Every temple was addressed to a god or goodness and they were worshiped there by the priest of the  temple and  by the pharaohs as well. Luxor temples attract many tourists from all over the world every year. If you have the opportunity, visit the temple at night and you will  be amazed by the wonderful  sound and light show  around the temple

The Sphinx



If we think about Sphinx most of  people imagine it as a huge sculpture with a human head and lion’s body. Situat only 6 miles from Cairo it is known as the biggest sculpture in the world. During the history it was renovated many times and because of the soft sandstone and humidity together with the frequent winds its renovation  seems to be  a never ending story.


 The Valley of the Kings

The Valley of the kings, Egypt


Standing on the west bank of the Nile the Valley of the Kings is an ancient heritage of Egypt where pharaohs were buried who believed to meet their Gods in their afterlife. It contains 63 tombs and chambers. Visitors can go inside the tombs which are decorated with scenes of the Egyptian mythology revealing the beliefs and the funerary rituals of the period.


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